Exclusive Pro-Flex rubber compounds

Pro-Flex’s exclusive 35/AA, Flex 35, and Silicone 35 rubber compounds have been specifically designed to meet all the requirements of the mass transit industry. They feature exeptional resistance to fire and weather conditions.

TThis high resistance to weather conditions and mechanical wear allows us to manufacture durable, waterproof components for windows and doors that meet the following standards:

  • Surface flammability (ASTM E162)
  • Flame propagation (ASTM C1166)
  • Density of smoke generation (ASTM E662)
  • Toxic gas generation (Bombardier SMP 800-C)

Technical Standards Document No. 302,
Revision 0R – Flammability of Interior Materials
Effective Date: August 22, 2007
Mandatory compliance date: February 22, 2008

www.tc.gc.ca

35/AA specifications

SPECIFICATIONS compound # 35-AA

ASTM D2000 M3BE 610 A14 B14 C12 EO14 EO34 F17 Z1 Z2 Z3 Z4 Z5 Z6

January 15,2015

Electric resistance 2000 mega ohm/1000 volt

Physical property ASTM test method Laboratory results
Hardness, Durometer D2240 65 Duro Shore A
Tensile strength D412 2000 psi
Ultimate Elongation D412 525%
A14 Heat resistance D573
70 hrs. at 100̊C
Hardness Shore A +5
Tensile -4
Elongation -16%
B14 Compression set D395(method B)
22 hrs. at 100̊C
28%
C12 Ozone resistance D1171 100% or no cracks
EO14 Oil#1 resistance D471
70 hrs.at 100̊C
Hardness Shore A -30
Tensile -39%
Elongation -19%
Volume: +49%
EO34 Oil#3 resistance D471
70 hrs.at 100̊C
Hardness Shore A -36
Tensile -69%
Elongation -39%
Volume: +120%
SMP200 Oil#3 resistance D471
70 hrs.at 65̊C
max. 80%
Volume: +102%
F17 Low temperature resistance D2137 no crack at -35̊C
SMP200 Tear Resistance D624 (die C)
200Lbs/inch.
220Lbs/inch.
Flame propagation C-1166 pass
Flex 35 specifications

SPECIFICATIONS compound # FLEX 35

ASTM D2000 M3BE710 A14B14F17G21Z1Z2Z3Z4

Z1: compression set 35% max
Z2: Hydrolytic stability: resistant
Z3: tensile 9.5 mpa min
Z4: Duro 67 + / – 5

Physical property ASTM test method Performance
Hardness, Durometer D2240 70 Duro Shore A
Tensile strength D412 1594 psi (11Mpa)
Ultimate Elongation D412 379%
Ozone resistance D1149 no crack
Flame propagation C1166 pass
Surface flammability E162 pass
Smoke Generation E662 pass
Toxic Gas production Bombardier SMP800-C pass
Toxic Gas production Boeing BSS-7239 pass
Compression set D395(method B) 29% (22 hours at 100̊C)
Low temp. Brittleness D746 no crack at -35̊C
Fuel aging oil #3 70hres/100C D471 Volume change +40%
BTU content E1354 8042btu/lb (average)
Tear Resistance D624 (die C) 38 KN/M
Accelerated ageing-dry heat D573 Hardness +2 Shore A
Accelerated ageing-dry heat D573
70 hours at 100̊C
Hardness +2 Shore A
Loss tensile -2%
Loss elongation -18%
Hydrolytic stability D573
96 hrs/85C
oven Elongation -11 %
oven Tensile -48%
fixture Elongation -6 %
fixture Tensile -36%

Flammability and smoke Emission
The smoke & Flame Rules (CFR 238 )

SAFETY PLANNING AND GENERAL REQUIREMENTS (SUBPART B)

238.101 Scope

This subpart contains safety planning and general safety requirements for all railroad passenger equipment subject to this part.

238.103 Fire safety

(A) MATERIALS

Materials used in constructing a passenger car or a cab of a locomotive ordered on or after September 8, 2000, or placed in service for the first time on or after September 9, 2002, shall meet the test performance criteria for flammability and smoke emission characteristics as specified in Appendix B to this part, or alternative standards issued or recognized by an expert consensus organization after special approval of FRA under §238.21.

On or after November 8, 1999, materials introduced in a passenger car or a locomotive cab, as part of any kind of rebuild, refurbishment, or overhaul of the car or cab, shall meet the test performance criteria for flammability and smoke emission characteristics as specified in Appendix B to this part, or alternative standards issued or recognized by an expert consensus organization after special approval of FRA under §238.21.

For purposes of complying with the requirements of this paragraph, a railroad may rely on the results of tests of material conducted in accordance with the standards and performance criteria for flammability and smoke emission characteristics as specified in Appendix B to this part in effect on July 12, 1999 (see 49 CFR parts 200–399, revised as of October 1, 1999), if prior to June 25, 2002 the material is

  • (i) Installed in a passenger car or locomotive;
  • (ii) Held in inventory by the railroad; or
  • (iii) Ordered by the railroad.

 

(B) CERTIFICATION

A railroad shall require certification that a representative sample of combustible materials to be

Used in constructing a passenger car or a locomotive cab, or

Introduced in a passenger car or a locomotive cab, as part of any kind of rebuild, refurbishment, or overhaul of the car or cab, has been tested by a recognized independent testing laboratory and that the results show the representative sample complies with the requirements of paragraph (a) of this section at the time it was tested.

 

(C) FIRE SAFETY ANALYSIS FOR PROCURING NEW PASSENGER CARS AND LOCOMOTIVES

In procuring new passenger cars and locomotives, each railroad shall ensure that fire safety considerations and features in the design of this equipment reduce the risk of personal injury caused by fire to an acceptable level in its operating environment using a formal safety methodology such as MIL–STD–882. To this end, each railroad shall complete a written fire safety analysis for the passenger equipment being procured. In conducting the analysis, the railroad shall—

Identify, analyze, and prioritize the fire hazards inherent in the design of the equipment.

Take effective steps to design the equipment and select materials which help provide sufficient fire resistance to reasonably ensure adequate time to detect a fire and safely evacuate the passengers and crewmembers, if a fire cannot be prevented. Factors to consider include potential ignition sources; the type, quantity, and location of the materials; and availability of rapid and safe egress to the exterior of the equipment under conditions secure from fire, smoke, and other hazards.

Reasonably ensure that a ventilation system in the equipment does not contribute to the lethality of a fire.

Identify in writing any train component that is a risk of initiating fire and which requires overheat protection. An overheat detector shall be installed in any component when the analysis determines that an overheat detector is necessary.

Identify in writing any unoccupied train compartment that contains equipment or material that poses a fire hazard, and analyze the benefit provided by including a fire or smoke detection system in each compartment so identified. A fire or smoke detector shall be installed in any unoccupied compartment when the analysis determines that such equipment is necessary to ensure sufficient time for the safe evacuation of passengers and crewmembers from the train. For purposes of this section, an unoccupied train compartment means any part of the equipment structure that is not normally occupied during operation of the train, including a closet, baggage compartment, food pantry, etc.

Determine whether any occupied or unoccupied space requires a portable fire extinguisher and, if so, the proper type and size of the fire extinguisher for each location. As required by 239.101 of this chapter, each passenger car is required to have a minimum of one portable fire extinguisher. If the analysis performed indicates that one or more additional portable fire extinguishers are needed, such shall be installed.

On a case-by-case basis, analyze the benefit provided by including a fixed, automatic fire-suppression system in any unoccupied train compartment that contains equipment or material that poses a fire hazard, and determine the proper type and size of the automatic fire-suppression system for each such location. A fixed, automatic fire-suppression system shall be installed in any unoccupied compartment when the analysis determines that such equipment is practical and necessary to ensure sufficient time for the safe evacuation of passengers and crewmembers from the train.

Explain how safety issues are resolved in the design of the equipment and selection of materials to reduce the risk of each fire hazard.

Describe the analysis and testing necessary to demonstrate that the fire protection approach taken in the design of the equipment and selection of materials meets the fire protection requirements of this part.

 

(D) FIRE SAFETY ANALYSIS FOR EXISTING PASSENGER CARS AND LOCOMOTIVES

(1) Not later than January 10, 2001, each passenger railroad shall complete a preliminary fire safety analysis for each category of existing passenger cars and locomotives and rail service.

(2) Not later than July 10, 2001, each such railroad shall—

  • (i) Complete a final fire safety analysis for any category of existing passenger cars and locomotives and rail service evaluated during the preliminary fire safety analysis as likely presenting an unacceptable risk of personal injury. In conducting the analysis, the railroad shall consider the extent to which materials comply with the test performance criteria for flammability and smoke emission characteristics as specified in Appendix B to this part or alternative standards approved by FRA under this part.
  • (ii) Take remedial action to reduce the risk of personal injuries to an acceptable level in any such category, if the railroad finds the risk to be unacceptable. In considering remedial action, a railroad is not required to replace material found not to comply with the test performance criteria for flammability and smoke emission characteristics required by this part, if:
    • (A) The risk of personal injuries from the material is negligible based on the railroad’s operating environment and the material’s size, or location, or both; or
    • (B) The railroad takes alternative action which reduces the risk of personal injuries to an acceptable level

(3) Not later than July 10, 2003, each such railroad shall—

  • (i)Complete a final fire safety analysis for all categories of existing passenger cars and locomotives and rail service. In completing this analysis, the railroad shall, as far as practicable, determine the extent to which remaining materials comply with the test performance criteria for flammability and smoke emission characteristics as specified in Appendix B to this part or alternative standards approved by FRA under this part.
  • (ii) Take remedial action to reduce the risk of personal injuries to an acceptable level in any such category, if the railroad finds the risk to be unacceptable. In considering remedial action, a railroad is not required to replace material found not to comply with the test performance criteria for flammability and smoke emission characteristics required by this part, if:
    • (A) The risk of personal injuries from the material is negligible based on the railroad’s operating environment and the material’s size, or location, or both; or
    • (B) The railroad takes alternative action which reduces the risk of personal injuries to an acceptable level.

(4) Where possible prior to transferring existing passenger cars and locomotives to a new category of rail service, but in no case more than 90 days following such a transfer, the passenger railroad shall complete a new fire safety analysis taking into consideration the change in railroad operations and shall effect prompt action to reduce any identified risk to an acceptable level.

(5) As used in this paragraph, a “category of existing passenger cars and locomotives and rail service” shall be determined by the railroad based on relevant fire safety risks, including available ignition sources, presence or absence of heat/smoke detection systems, known variations from the required material test performance criteria or alternative standards approved by FRA, and availability of rapid and safe egress to the exterior of the vehicle under conditions secure from fire, smoke, and other hazards.

 

(E) INSPECTION, TESTING, AND MAINTENANCE

Each railroad shall develop and adopt written procedures for the inspection, testing, and maintenance of all fire safety systems and fire safety equipment on the passenger equipment it operates. The railroad shall comply with those procedures that it designates as mandatory for the safety of the equipment and its occupants.

 

Appendix A to Part 238–Schedule of Civil Penalties 1

SUBPART B–SAFETY PLANNING AND GENERAL REQUIREMENTS

[64 FR 25660, May 12, 1999, as amended at 67 FR 42909, June 25, 2002][64 25660, May 12, 1999, as amended at 67 FR 19994, Apr. 23, 2002]
Section Violation Willful violation
(a) Failure to use proper materials 5,000 7,500
(b) Improper certification 1,000 2,000
(c) Failure to consider fire safety on new equipment 5,000 7,500
(d) Failure to perform fire safety analysis 5,000 7,500
(e) Failure to develop, adopt or comply with procedures 5,000 7,500

 

Appendix B to Part 238–Test Methods and Performance Criteria for the

FLAMMABILITY AND SMOKE EMISSION CHARACTERISTICS OF MATERIALS USED IN PASSENGER CARS AND LOCOMOTIVE CABS

This appendix contains the test methods and performance criteria for the flammability and smoke emission characteristics of materials used in passenger cars and locomotive cabs, in accordance with the requirements of Sec. 238.103.

(A) INCORPORATION BY REFERENCE

Certain documents are incorporated by reference into this appendix with the approval of the Director of the Federal Register in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR part 51. You may inspect a copy of each document during normal business hours at the Federal Railroad Administration, Docket Clerk, 1120 Vermont Ave., N.W., Suite 7000 or at the Office of the Federal Register, 800 North Capitol Street, N.W., Suite 700, Washington, D.C. The documents incorporated by reference into this appendix and the sources from which you may obtain these documents are listed below:

  • (1) American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM), 100 Barr Harbor Dr., West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959.

    • (i) ASTM C 1166-00, Standard Test Method for Flame Propagation of Dense and Cellular Elastomeric Gaskets and Accessories.
    • (ii) ASTM D 2724-87, Standard Test Methods for Bonded, Fused, and Laminated Apparel Fabrics.
    • (iii) ASTM D 3574-95, Standard Test Methods for Flexible Cellular Materials-Slab, Bonded, and Molded Urethane Foams.
    • (iv) ASTM D 3675-98, Standard Test Method for Surface Flammability of Flexible Cellular Materials Using a Radiant Heat Energy Source.
    • (v) ASTM E 119-00a, Standard Test Methods for Fire Tests of Building Construction and Materials.
    • (vi) ASTM E 162-98, Standard Test Method for Surface Flammability of Materials Using a Radiant Heat Energy Source.
    • (vii) ASTM E 648-00, Standard Test Method for Critical Radiant Flux of Floor-Covering Systems Using a Radiant Heat Energy Source.
    • (viii) ASTM E 662-01, Standard Test Method for Specific Optical Density of smoke Generated by Solid Materials.
    • (ix) ASTM E 1354-99, Standard Test Method for Heat and Visible smoke Release Rates for Materials and Products Using an Oxygen Consumption Calorimeter.
    • (x) ASTM E 1537-99, Standard Test Method for Fire Testing of Upholstered Furniture.
    • (xi) ASTM E 1590-01, Standard Test Method for Fire Testing of Mattresses.
  • (2) General Services Administration, Federal Supply Service, Specification Section, 470 E. L’Enfant Plaza, S.W., Suite 8100, Washington, D.C., 20407. FED-STD-191A-Textile Test Method 5830, Leaching Resistance of Cloth; Standard Method (July 20, 1978).
  • (3) State of California, Department of Consumer Affairs, Bureau of Home Furnishings and Thermal Insulation, 3485 Orange Grove Avenue, North Highlands, CA 95660-5595.
    • (i) California Technical Bulletin (Cal TB) 129, Flammability Test Procedure for Mattresses for Use in Public Buildings (October, 1992).
    • (ii) Cal TB 133, Flammability Test Procedure for Seating Furniture for Use in Public Occupancies (January, 1991).
(B) DEFINITIONS. AS USED IN THIS APPENDIX–

Average heat release rate (q//180) means, as defined in ASTM E 1354-99, the average heat release rate per unit area in the time period beginning at the time of ignition and ending 180 seconds later.

Critical radiant flux (C.R.F.) means, as defined in ASTM E 648-00, a measure of the behavior of horizontally-mounted floor covering systems exposed to a flaming ignition source in a graded radiant heat energy environment in a test chamber.

Flame spread index (Is) means, as defined in ASTM E 162-98, a factor derived from the rate of progress of the flame front (Fs) and the rate of heat liberation by the material under test (Q), such that Is = Fs x Q.

Flaming dripping means periodic dripping of flaming material from the site of material burning or material installation.

Flaming running means continuous flaming material leaving the site of material burning or material installation.

Heat release rate means, as defined in ASTM E 1354-99, the heat evolved from a specimen per unit of time.

Specific extinction area ( s f ) means, as defined in ASTM E 1354-99, specific extinction area for smoke.

Specific optical density (Ds) means, as defined in ASTM E 662-01, the optical density measured over unit path length within a chamber of unit volume, produced from a specimen of unit surface area, that is irradiated by a heat flux of 2.5 watts/cm2 for a specified period of time.

Surface flammability means the rate at which flames will travel along surfaces.

(C) REQUIRED TEST METHODS AND PERFORMANCE CRITERIA

The materials used in locomotive cabs and passenger cars shall be tested according to the methods and meet the performance criteria set forth in the following table and notes:

 

THE SMOKE & FLAME RULES

  1. Materials tested for surface flammability shall not exhibit any flaming running or dripping.
  2. The ASTM E 662-01 maximum test limits for smoke emission (specific optical density) shall be measured in either the flaming or non-flaming mode, utilizing the mode which generates the most smoke.
  3. Testing of a complete seat assembly (including cushions, fabric layers, upholstery) according to ASTM E 1537-99 using the pass/fail criteria of Cal TB 133, and testing of a complete mattress assembly (including foam and ticking) according to ASTM E 1590-01 using the pass/fail criteria of Cal TB 129 shall be permitted in lieu of the test methods prescribed herein, provided the assembly component units remain unchanged or new (replacement) assembly components possess equivalent fire performance properties to the original components tested. A fire hazard analysis must also be conducted that considers the operating environment within which the seat or mattress assembly will be used in relation to the risk of vandalism, puncture, cutting, or other acts which may expose the individual components of the assemblies to an ignition source. Notes 5, 6, 7, and 8 apply.
  4. Testing is performed without upholstery.
  5. The surface flammability and smoke emission characteristics shall be demonstrated to be permanent after dynamic testing according to ASTM D 3574-95, Test I 2 (Dynamic Fatigue Test by the Roller Shear at Constant Force) or Test I 3 (Dynamic Fatigue Test by Constant Force Pounding) both using Procedure B, except that the test samples shall be a minimum of 6 inches (154 mm) by 18 inches (457 mm) by the thickness of the material in its end use configuration, or multiples thereof. If Test I 3 is used, the size of the indentor described in paragraph 96.2 shall be modified to accommodate the specified test specimen.
  6. The surface flammability and smoke emission characteristics shall be demonstrated to be permanent by washing, if appropriate, according to FED-STD-191A Textile Test Method 5830.
  7. The surface flammability and smoke emission characteristics shall be demonstrated to be permanent by dry-cleaning, if appropriate, according to ASTM D 2724-87.
  8. Materials that cannot be washed or dry-cleaned shall be so labeled and shall meet the applicable performance criteria after being cleaned as recommended by the manufacturer.
  9. Signage is not required to meet any flammability or smoke emission performance criteria specified in this Appendix.
  10. Materials used to fabricate miscellaneous, discontinuous small parts (such as knobs, rollers, fasteners, clips, grommets, and small electrical parts) that will not contribute materially to fire growth in end use configuration are exempt from flammability and smoke emission performance requirements, provided that the surface area of any individual small part is less than 16 square inches (100 cm2) in end use configuration and an appropriate fire hazard analysis is conducted which addresses the location and quantity of the materials used, and the vulnerability of the materials to ignition and contribution to flame spread.
  11. If the surface area of any individual small part is less than 16 square inches (100 cm2) in end use configuration, materials used to fabricate such a part may be tested in accordance with ASTM E 1354-99 as an alternative to both (a) the ASTM E 162-98 flammability test procedure, or the appropriate flammability test procedure otherwise specified in the table, and (b) the ASTM E 662-01 smoke generation test procedure. Testing shall be at 50 kW/m2 applied heat flux with a retainer frame. Materials tested in accordance with ASTM E 1354-99 shall meet the following performance criteria: average heat release rate (q// 180) less than or equal to 100 kW/m\2\, and average specific extinction area ([s]f) less than or equal to 500 m2/kg over the same 180-second period.
  12. Carpeting used as a wall or ceiling covering shall be tested according to ASTM E 162-98 and ASTM E 662-01 and meet the respective criteria of I s less than or equal to 35 and D s (1.5) less than or equal to 100 and D s (4.0) less than or equal to 200. Notes 1 and 2 apply.
  13. Floor covering shall be tested with padding in accordance with ASTM E 648-00, if the padding is used in the actual installation.
  14. For double window glazing, only the interior glazing is required to meet the requirements specified herein. (The exterior glazing is not required to meet these requirements.)
  15. Penetrations (ducts, etc.) shall be designed against acting as passageways for fire and smoke and representative penetrations shall be included as part of test assemblies.
  16. A structural flooring assembly separating the interior of a vehicle from its undercarriage shall meet the performance criteria during a nominal test period as determined by the railroad. The nominal test period must be twice the maximum expected time period under normal circumstances for a vehicle to stop completely and safely from its maximum operating speed, plus the time necessary to evacuate all the vehicle’s occupants to a safe area. The nominal test period must not be less than 15 minutes. Only one specimen need be tested. A proportional reduction may be made in the dimensions of the specimen provided it serves to truly test the ability of the structural flooring assembly to perform as a barrier against under-vehicle fires. The fire resistance period required shall be consistent with the safe evacuation of a full load of passengers from the vehicle under worst-case conditions.
  17. Portions of the vehicle body which separate major ignition sources, energy sources, or sources of fuel-load from vehicle interiors, shall have sufficient fire endurance as determined by a fire hazard analysis acceptable to the railroad which addresses the location and quantity of the materials used, as well as vulnerability of the materials to ignition, flame spread, and smoke generation. These portions include equipment carrying portions of a vehicle’s roof and the interior structure separating the levels of a bi-level car, but do not include a flooring assembly subject to Note 16. A railroad is not required to use the ASTM E 119-00a test method.
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